Bhagavad Saptaha (IX)

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Yoga and Pranayama
            Sukdev Goswami further states – In the satya yuga (first of the four ages) a person’s span of life was one lakh years, then in treata it became ten thousand years. Before that nobody use to die. Then in the dwapara it came down to one thousand years and in the kali yuga it is one hundred years. Nowadays a three year old child wears a spectacle and at the age of about sixteen the hair turns grey. So except kali yuga what is it? A thirty year old person suffers from diabetes and a thirty-five year person is a heart-patient. This is kaliyuga.
            Sukdevji says, in the Vedas it is ascertained that a person’s age in kaliyuga is one hundred years, so a person should live upto that period. But only one man in one lakh could be found who lives upto hundred years. In this hundred years, fifty years is spent while sleeping. Twelve hours day and twelve hours night constitutes twenty-four hours a day. So the fifty years we remain awake, twenty-five years is spent with one’s wife and the remaining twenty-five years, there are other domestic works left to do. Sukdev Goswami says, Rajan a person who is to die within a short period has only one way, the breath which goes out does not come back, hence in all circumstances, while moving, while rising or sitting, dancing or singing, sleeping or drinking he should only remember Govinda. “Kara je karma korihu bidhi nana – mana rakhahu iha kripa nidhana”. Fasten the mind with the lotus feet of Govinda, this mind is the cause of binding and liberation. The king says, mind is very perturbed, I go to the temple, offer flowers but do not offer my mind. Mind does not rest (in a second the mind travels from one region to another). The same thing is said by Arjuna to Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita, that mind is very impatient. In this world there is nothing which moves faster than the mind. Maharaj Parikhit says how do I affix my mind in the lotus feet of Govinda? Sukdevji says always remember four things “Jit asana, jit swaso, jit sanga, jit indriya”. If you want to win over your mind than first is jit-asana means make a habit to sit in one place for a long time. Jit-swas means; rise up very early, at Brahmamuhurta (period of forty eight minutes immediately preceding sunrise). Sleeping after 4’o clock is an offence. There are three kinds of baths – bathing at 4’o clock is rishi-snan (bathing time for the saints), bathing 10 minutes before sunrise is manusya-snan (bathing time of humans) and bathing after sunrise is rakshas-snan (bathing time of demons). Sukdev Goswami says that rise up early in the morning and take bath, than do pranayam (breath control exercise). Pranayam purifies the Brahmarandhra and drives away mental agony. It also keeps the body fit, develops memory power and by pranayam it is possible to conquer the mind. This is jit-swas.  Next is jita-sanga : You should win over your association. A flaw appears in a person from his association. If you associate with a drunkard or a meat-eater their habits will come up in your life. If you associate with a person who is learned, affectionate, well versed in shastra all his good signs will enter in you. Jitendriya – The fourth one is to conquer the senses. Try to bring the senses under control, a person who could not control his senses can never be an ideal man. Going in a secluded place sit down in a mat, become tranquil and think of God. Increase your chintan (meditation) and get relief from chinta (anxiety). Chinta belongs to samsara and chintan belongs to God. Remembering the four previous methods if you meditate upon Parmatma than slowly the mind will adjoin with Paramatma and the restlessness of mind will go and all bodily habits will cease. Then Sukdevji remembers Parmatma and hymns about be continued
(A part of the Summary of Srimad Bhagavattam translated from the diary of Sri Gurudeb)