Bhagavad Saptaha (XXVI)

Thursday, 1 November 2012

Preface of the character of Bhagavan Sri Krishna
Sukdevji makes Parikhit Maharaj hear just the summary of Ramkatha because he is aware about the divinity of Ramkatha and he knows that if his mind engages, then his whole time will be spent in it. Now he has yet to make Maharaj Parikhit hear about Sri Krishna about whom Maharaj Parikhit is especially interested. Maharaj Parikhit enjoys great pleasure in hearing Ramkatha.  Acharya Sukdev says that Parikhit the character of Sri Ram is so sanctified that the more you hear about Him the more your soul will become purified.
            Now acharya Sukdev starts describing about Chandra vamsha (dynasty of moongod). He starts describing the preface of the character of Bhagavan Sri Krishna. Bhagavad katha (talks) makes the living entities one with the Lord and as a result it easily rescues them from the grasp of material nature. Govindji appears in Chandra vamsha. Chandra vamsha is very affectionate vamsha.
            Sri Sukdev Goswami says, Rajan, Narayana’s son is Brahma, Brahma’s son Atri, and his son is Sriman (Chandrama) Shom. Chandrama’s son is Budh, Budh’s son Pururva and Pururva has six sons – Aayu, Satayu, Satyayu, Bayu, Bijay and Jay. In this Chandra vamsa there was a powerful king by the name Gadhi. This lustrous king Gadhi did not have any son, only one daughter Satyabati. How did his daughter get married? Unwillingly a rishi by the name of Hrishik comes and Satyabati gets married to him. One thousand black horses are to be given as reward which the king provides­. After his daughter goes to her husband’s house Maharaj Gadhi begins to lament for her. He calls his wife and says, you tell our son-in law rishi Hrishik to give us some medicine so that we can attain a son. Hrishik muni then prepares two types of medicines; one is for mother-in-law and one for his wife. Telling both of them to take the medicine the muni goes away. In the meanwhile the mother and the daughter exchange the medicine and drink it. So the mother-in-law gets a son who although a ksatriya becomes brahmana and his name is Viswamitra and the child which gets birth to Hrishik muni is rishi Jamadagni. Jamadagni’s wife is Renuka, who has four sons and Parsurama being the eldest. Once by the order of his father Parsurama cuts of the throat of his mother and three brothers, but later on by his father’s blessing they regains back their life.
            In the asrama of Jamadagni there was a cow by the name of Kamdhenu. In India at present 36 thousands cows are killed everyday and we are unable to do anything. The cow which was there in the asrama of Jamadagni rishi yields great outcome. King Sahasrarjuna alongwith one lakh soldiers arrives at the asrama of Jamadagni rishi and the rishi by the mercy of mother cow Kamdhenu, serves all the guests satisfactorily. The king takes away the cow and Parsurama kills the king. Later on the sons of the king take revenge and kills Jamdagni rishi. As soon as this news reaches Parasurama, he promises to destroy the ksatriya lineage from this earth. 21 times he carries on to destroy the ksatriyas and fulfils his promise.
            At the other end, Viswamitra muni had 100 sons. In this family, later on there was a king by the name of Nahush who had six sons - Jyoti, Jajati, Sangjati, Aajati, Bijati and Kriti. Among them, the second son Jajati marries Debajani, daughter of Sukracharya. At the womb of Debajani a child was born and his name was Jadu and in this Jadu vamsha Sri Krishna Govinda took birth.
            Debajani was a brahmana’s daughter and Jajati was a ksatriya, therefore how their marriage did took place. In answer to this question of Parikhit Maharaj Sri Sukdevji explains, once Devajani alongwith her sakhis (girl friends) goes on a pleasure-trip, there the king’s daughter (king was a demon) Sharmistha by mistake puts on the dress of Devajani, and for this Devajani starts abusing her and out of anger pushes her in a dark well. King Jajati who came for hunting hears the cries of Devajani and pulls her out and later on marries her according to gandharva (marriage without any formal ceremony) rites. In the meanwhile guru of the demon king Sri Sukracharya, due to the insult committed upon to his daughter Devajani by the king’s daughter Sarmistha orders for her punishment. The punishment is that Sarmistha will follow Devajani to her husband’s house as a maidservant. So Sarmistha goes alongwith Devajani to her husband’s house as a maidservant. Devajani is a daughter of a brahmana, so the king secretly marries Sarmistha.
            Devajani has two sons – Jadu and Turbashu and her maid servant Sarmistha has three sons – Drayu, Anu and Puru. As king Jajati secretly married Sharmistha, Sri Sukracharya curses him and as a result Jajati loses his youth and becomes old. King Jajati approaches Sukracharya and requests him to take off his curse, but Sukracharya slightly relaxes it by saying, you can exchange your old age with someone who is young if he agrees to it. King Jajati calls all his sons and tells them to take his oldage and donate him their youth. Jadu, one of his sons was very learned and so he did not wish to give his youth as he knows that his father will enjoy it with his mother and the offence of having sex with mother will fall upon him. As he didn’t agree to exchange, he was not given the opulence of king by his father. The youngest son accepts it and with the youth of this son the king enjoyed for 1000 years but still could not satisfy himself. So after enjoying for such a long period when he could not satisfy his lust, the king feels of himself a very disgusted creature and a great offender. By the special mercy of Paramatma I have received this human body and I had uselessly spoilt it, and also I had spoiled the life of my son, here a very nice realization of the king is described. Only by giving up all thoughts at the lotus feet of Govinda there is over all peace and happiness. King Jajati says to his wife, devi I have enjoyed enough the objects of samsara and-further no more, now I will have to go - and thus calls his son, returns back his youth and the old king departs to the forest. Going to forest he solitarily meditates upon the lotus feet of Govinda, gradually becomes absorbed and achieves paramdham (prime abode).
            In the lineage of Jajati’s son Puru there was king named Dusmanta whose wife was Sakuntala and to them a great sacred child took birth whose name was Bharat. From this family of Bharat, Maharaj Rantidev attains birth and this Rantidev is a strange king in Chandra vamsa. 
            Due to the sinful activities of previous kings the earth becomes dried up and famine appears. The citizens die out of starvation. King Rantidev expenses the royal treasury for all his citizens, but as there was no rainfall for twelve years the royal treasury gets emptied.
            Like this, one day there was only 250 gms. of rice left in the royal treasury and king Rantidev tells his wife to cook it and make arrangement to offer it to the lord. As the rice was offered, right at that time a brahmana afflicted by hunger arrives and says I have not taken anything for many days. Rantidev gives that prasadi rice to the brahmana and feeds himself just with water. Right at that time another chandala (a low caste Hindu) with five dogs comes at his door, the chandala who was very thirsty, prays for water for himself and the dogs. Rantidev gives them the water which he was about to drink and surrenders himself to God and says, Govinda I don’t wish for heaven, neither I have any desire for Vaikuntha, nor do I have a wish to become the ruler of the entire creation and I don’t want even liberation, my only wish is to feel the miseries of all the miserable persons in this world and let all the happiness which I had be theirs. Except this I don’t have any desire. Where is happiness in this world, asks Rantidev, O my dear Lord I am offering water, foodstuff to these creatures this is my best worship, I don’t know any worship other than this.
            Paramatma becomes pleased, at a premature time the sky gets covered with clouds and starts flashing and within a moment everywhere gets filled up with water. This happened because, the chandala, the dogs and the brahmana they are nobody other than Parmatma Himself. Parmatma was examining Rantidev. The dynasty of Rantidev later on became kuru vamsha, Kauravas and Pandavas.
            From the family of Jajati Maharaj’s eldest son Jadu vamsha, there became a king named Devamir. One of his wives had two sons Arjanya and Parjanya and Parjanya’s son is Surasena.
            The gopes (milkman) Arjanya and Parjanya had nine sons who became famous by the name of Nabananda. Devamir another wife’s sons are Surasena, Ugrasena etc.
            Sukdevji says, Rajan, Basudev has seven wives, Gauri, Rohini, Bhadra, Madira, Rochna, Ila and Devaki. Among the seven wives, Devaki is the youngest. Devaki after giving birth to six sons the seventh son is sent to the womb of Rohini and He is Balaram. Other than Balaram, Rohini had several other sons namely Bal, Gad, Saron, Durmadh, Bipul, Druva etc.
            The eighth son in the womb of Devaki is Basudeva Sri Krishna, all the other six sons were killed by Kamsha. Sri Krishna was born in Mathura at a prison of Kamsha and grows up at Gokula, performs several pastimes at Vrindavana and later on goes to Mathura and kills Kamsha and other mischievous elements. Goes to Dwarka because of attacks from Jarasandha and there performs several marriages. Cause to perform battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas and at last destroys His own family, at the end advices Udhava and Maitrayee muni and returns back to His abode. Within few slokas Sukdevji describes Krishna katha (talks), all the rishi, munis assembled there gets stunned and calmly keeps seated. Sukdev Goswami becomes silent, at that Maharaj Parikhit looks at him and asks has Krishna katha ended. Sukdevji says, yes, then Parikhit says, Munibar, you have so nicely explained about the rulers of Surya vamsha and Chandra vamsha but in case of Sri Krishna you have shown miserliness, I didn’t like be continued
(A part of the Summary of Srimad Bhagavattam translated from the diary of Sri Gurudeb)