Bhagavad Saptaha XXXXV

Thursday, 9 May 2013


Departure of the Lord to Mathura
            As Maharaj Akrura decorates the chariot all the gopis followed by Radha Rani arrives there and starts saying, Maharaj Akrura don’t kill us by the thunderbolt of separation from Krishna, another gopi states, one who has kept his name Akrura (merciful) did not judge properly because he is a great krura (cruel) another gopi laments and says, what is his fault, providence does not like to see two lovers at one place, some other gopis decides, we will lay down in front of the chariot, let us see how they proceed and in this way the gopis shows their anxiety in various ways.
            Sri Krishna comes to Radha Rani and says, Radhe don’t you cry, at this time the country is very distressful, earth is burdened with sins, these sins are to be destroyed and earth alongwith the virtuous persons are to be relieved and so to establish dharma I am going to Mathura. Radhe I am giving you this flute of Mine, this flute is more dearer than my life and I am giving it to you. After going to Mathura I will not play flute anymore, now I have to blow conch.
            Krishna addresses the gopis and says, dear gopis I know your affection, do not drop tears at this time as it will not be auspicious for Me. Hearing this order of Prabhu no more tears falls from the eyes of the gopis. After that some of the gopis comes forward and feeds Krishna with butter and sweetballs, some draws tilaka on his forehead, some offers Him garland of tulasi – the love and affection of the gopis are very beautiful, extremely pleasant.
            As the chariot of Krishna starts to move all the gopis loudly cries out and many of them faints – Maharaj Sukdeva says,
            evam bruvana virahatura bhrisam vraja-striyah krishna-visakta-manasah
            visrijya lajjam ruruduh sma su-svaram govinda damodara madhaveti  (10/39/31)
            With their hearts agitated, the Brajabashis being inflicted by the separation of Krishna, forsaking all shame loudly cries out hey Govinda, hey Damodara, hey Madhava.
            There is a great pleasure in this crying, one who remembers Paramatma Bhagavan and cries due to separation from Him, all his distress ends immediately. Jivas from enumerable births are coming on crying, some are crying for wealth, some for fame, some due to some disease etc. but for the Lord nobody sheds a single drop of water from his eyes. From the day he begins to cry for the Lord, all these tears of birth after birth will end forever.
            Bhagavad acharya Sri Sukdevji describes, Krishna is not cruel, he is very merciful, greatly affectionate, He is embodiment of love and bliss. Krishna judges that these Brajabashis highly meditates upon Him and so they will attain His nature. Meditation is not nourished in union, it is well developed in separation, Sri Krishna for continuous meditation upon Him bestows separation. Some mahatmas even describes that after the departure of the chariot all the gopis attains the nature of Sri Krishna. Krishna secretly whispers to a certain gopi, you hide me somewhere here then my going will not happen and don’t tell anybody about it, in this way the gopi thinks that Krishna is with her. Again some gopis think that Krishna came down from the chariot for her, some thinks that Krishna has come to their home, thus in this way in the eyes of the gopis, in their hearts, in their every hairs of their body Krishna is ever present.
            Akrurji bring the chariot to the banks of Jamuna, Krishna-Balarama is existent in it. As Akrurji climbs down and begins his mid-day prayer immersing himself in the waters of Jamuna, he suddenly visualizes Lord Krishna in front of him. Akrurji gets surprised - Krishna is in His chariot and He is also here, then Akrurji hymns and glorifies the Lord very nicely and the glorification of Akrurji is especially famous.
            nato smy aham tvakhila-hetu-hetum narayanam purusam adyam avyayam
            yan-nabhi-jatad aravinda-kosad brahmavirasid yata esa lokah  (10/40/1)
            Akrurji says, hey Krishna You are the cause of Prakriti (nature) Purusha (person) and kala (time), unaffected adipurusha (original person) Narayana, I offer my obeisance to You, from the whorl of the lotus of Your navel Brahma appears and from Brahma this visible world is originated.
            namam karana-matsyaya pralayabdhi-caraya ca
            hayasirsne namas tubhyam madhu-kaitabha-mrityave
            namas te dbhuta-simhaya sadhu-loka-bhayapaha
            vamanaya namas tubhyam kranta-tribhuvanaya ca
            namo bhrgunam pataye dripta-ksatra-vana-cchide
            namas te raghu-varyaya ravananta-karaya ca  (10/40/17,19,20)
            Akrura visualizing the universal form of the Lord says, hey Bhagavan in the form of Matsya (fish), the swimmer in the ocean of dissolution, my obeisance to You, hey Bhagavan in the form of Hayagriva (horse), the slayer of the demons Madhu and Kaitaba, my obeisance to You, hey Bhagavan Sri Krishna in the form of Nrisingha (man and lion), destroyer of fear of the sadhus, my obeisance unto You and Bhagavan Bamana (dwarf), who with His three steps had stepped over the universe, I offer my obeisance to You. Hey Bhagavan in the form of Lord of Brigus Sri Parasuram who had torn the proud Ksatriyas and hey Bhagavan Sri Ramchandra, the best of the lineage of Raghus I offer You my obeisance.
            namas te vasudevaya namah sankarsanaya ca
            pradyumnayaniruddhaya satvatam pataye namah
            namo buddhaya suddhaya daitya-danava-mohine
            mleccha-praya-ksatra-hantre namas te kalki-rupine  (10/40/21,22)
            The Lord of the Yadavas Sri Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Pradyumna and Annirudha my obeisance to all of You. Revered Buddha, producer of delusion among the daityas and danavas and Bhagavan Kalki, the annihilator of ksatriyas who were almost like mlechaas, my obeisance to both of You.
            namas te vasudevaya sarva-bhuta-ksayaya ca
            hrisikesa namas tubhyam prapannah pahi mam prabho (10/40/30)
            Hey Vasudeva within whom all living being reside my obeisance to You, hey Hrisikesa, master of all senses and mind I offer You my obeisance, hey Prabho I am surrendered unto You, please rescue me from this samsara.
            Then Maharaj Akrura takes the chariot speedily and halts it in a garden near Mathura. Sri Krishna says, today I along with the Brajabashis will stay here. Akrura was willing to take Krishna-Balarama at his home but Krishna says, after meeting king Kamsa I will come to your residence.
            Akrurji then goes to Kamsa and reports him about the arrival of Nandababa, Krishna-Balarama and other Brajabashis, their night stay at the garden near Mathura and tomorrow their meeting with him.
            The next day after completing the morning duties Krishna-Balarama along with their friends enters Mathura.
            After entering the main entrance of Mathura the cowherd companions of Krishna-Balarama according to their nature starts announcing “nandalala krishna-kanhaiya ki jaya, dauji maharaj balaramji ki jay” and as this triumphing glory reaches the citizens of Mathura, they ran out of their homes to have darshan of Krishna-Balarama. Beholding the natural grace of two brothers, they were glad at heart and had attained consummation of their eyes. Sticking to the air-holes of their houses, young ladies lovingly scanned the beauty of Sri Krishna-Balarama.
            manamsi tasam aravinda-locanah pragalbha-lila-hasitavalokain
            jahara matta-dviradendra-vikramo drsam dadac chri-ramanatmanotsavam (10/41/27)
            Prabhu Sri Krishna-Balarama in Their first sight captivates the minds of everyone as they proceeds along the highway. After sometime they meets a washerman who is the servitor of Kamsa. This jiva, at the time of incarnation of Lord Rama, censured mother Janaki but as Bhagavan Ramchandra was very simple, He did not give him any punishment. This censurer has to take birth in the family of washerman. This washer man of Kamsa was very wicked; he is going with a bundle of clothes placing it upon the head of his employee. Krishna seeing him says, as you are having so nice clothes give me some, I will present it to my friends, but the washerman taunts, have Your father-grandfather ever seen this kind of dress, these I will send to Kamsa - understood. Hearing this Krishna gives a tremendous slap in his face and by this single hit the life breath of the washerman abandons his body. Taking his clothes Krishna distributes them among His friends. Uptill now Krishna didn’t wear any stitched clothes but today as He is the master of Mathura, He Himself also attires very nice clothes and makes Balaramji also wear. All His companions are very happy.
            Then the Lords meets tribakra (body bent in three places) Kubja (humpbacked) alongside the road, she is also a maid servant of Kamsa and was carrying sandal paste and other fragrant ointments for Kamsa’s palace. Krishna asks sandal paste from her which she readily gives. Sandal cools the heart, Prabhu thinks that this lady had increased my beauty, I will also bestow her beautiful form and thus Prabhu keeps His feet upon the toe of Kubja and with one hand in her waist and other hand in her chin He applies such a sudden force that all the three bends of Kubja becomes straight.
            Buddhi (intellect) is also bent in three places means there are three flaws in intellect – lust, anger and greed and as intellect is bent the mind is also bent and whose mind is bent his sight is also bent and hence his life is bent.
            Serving Kamsa means serving desire and ego and by serving desire and ego, the intelligence gets bend and when Sri Krishna arrives in front it straightens again. Sri Krishna is the husband of intellect and sadguru is its father. Sadguru makes intellect marry Sri Krishna and in this way husband wife and father all becomes happy.
            As Krishna-Balarama proceeds further they could witness a huge pavilion and there many brahmanas are performing dhanuk yajna (bow sacrifice). The soldiers of Kamsa are guarding the area but the form of Krishna is so auspicious that it makes them keep staring at Him and in the meantime Krishna enters the arena, pick up the bow and breaks it. A tremendous sound fills the earth and sky and the brahmanas present there gets surprised. The guards of Kamsa come running but Balarama beats and drives them away. The guards then approach Kamsa and narrates him everything and hearing it Kamsa becomes very angry, when the shadow of death falls, the nature of a person also changes. Krishna-Balarama with their companions returns back to their place where they stayed last night.
            King Kamsa summons a meeting, one of his messengers comes to call Nandababa and Nandababa after reaching the assembly presents gifts which he had brought for Kamsa.
            tam apatantam asadya bhagavan madhusudanah
            nigrhya panina hastam patayam asa bhu-tale (10/43/13)
            Nandababa goes before and Krishna-Balarama alongwith their companions arrives later. While going the Lord confronts a very powerful elephant named Kubliyapira, the Lord kills it and takes away its tusk uprooting it out.
            mallanam asanir nrinam nara-varah strinam smaro murtiman
            gopanam sva-jano satam ksiti-bhujam sasta sva-pitroh sisuh
            mrtyur bhoja-pater virad avidusam tattvam param yoginam
            vrsninam para-devateti vidito rangam gatah sagrajah  (10/43/17)
            As the Lord enters the arena various groups of people seated in the galleries regards Him differently according to the feeling of their heart. The rishis sitting there perceives that, while chanting gayatri mantra that Narayana which they meditate, He is that Parabrahma Narayana. To the ladies Lord Krishna resembles Damodara, to the cowherds He appears as their well-wisher, a mere child in the eyes of His parents and Kamsa and his followers perceives Him as visible death.
            Two of the wrestlers Chanura and Mustika raising their hands calls Krishna and Balarama to the stage. Sri Krishna says if the king orders then I will surely fight, but I am a mere child and you two are great wrestlers.  As Kamsa gestures Chanura who was fully drunk, he says, Krishna You are not a mere child, You have killed the terrible elephant, You have broken the Haradhanu, who says You are a child. Krishna jumps and enters into the stage and a terrific wrestle begins between Him and Chanura.
            In the meanwhile Balaramaji also enters into the wrestling arena and within the same stage two wrestling keeps going on – one is between Krishna and Chanura and another is between Balarama and Mustika.
            Sukdevji Maharaj describes, rajan this samsara is also a great wrestling ground (stage) and within it, there are two wrestlers kama (desire) and krodha (anger). These two, many times, almost daily once on twice hurls the jivas into the ground. To destroy this anger and to win over this desire we have to take birth repeatedly. Balarama is Sabdabrahma (Brahman representing sound/Vedas) and Sri Krishna is Parabrahma (Supreme Brahman), one who worships the Sabdabrahma, he develops immense prema-bhakti towards Parabrahma and thus could destroy anger and win over lust.
            In the assembly everybody witnesses the amusing performance but Nandababa could not tolerate it, he stands up and request Kamsa to stop this unlawful fight but Kamsa tell him to keep silent and doesn’t pay any heed to his words.
            As the fight proceeds Chanura could well guess that Krishna is not a child, He is visible death, he analyses, if I run away from here than I will be killed by Kamsa, better I get killed by Krishna and in this way my death will become sacred. Thus he tries to give a severe blow in the chest of Krishna but Krishna is so fast that He catches his two hands swing him all around and with such a tremendous force He hurls him to the ground that the wrestler Chanura immediately dies. On the other side Balaramaji also slew Mustika.
            Kamsa  earlier instructed the musicians to start playing when the two children dies, but in place of them the two wrestlers Chanura and Mustika dies – the soldier starts to play music very loudly, Kamsa shouts and orders to stop the music and arrest Nandababa including Krishna-Balarama and the companions. Balarama says, foolish Kamsa don’t you know that Krishna has unending power and among them two are the chief – nigraha (coercion) and anugraha (grace).
            Krishna without further delay runs towards Kamsa and Kamsa also seeing Krishna approaching starts shouting, my kala (death) is coming, the crown of his head falls on the ground, Krishna jumps and grasps the hair of his head, also swing him all around and hurls him into the ground so terribly that the life breath of Kamsa leaves his body. The winner of many battles, one who had kept many kings as his servants today gets killed in the hands of child Sri Krishna, the life of Nanda-Yasomati and the Brajabashis. Sri Krishna awards final beatitude to Kamsa.to be continued
(A part of the Summary of Srimad Bhagavattam translated from the diary of Sri Gurudeb)

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